بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله، نحمده ونستعينه ونستغفره، وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله.
((يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ))[آل عمران:102]،
“O you who believe! Fear Allah (by doing all that He has ordered and by abstaining from all that He has forbidden) as He should be feared. (Obey Him, be thankful to Him, and remember Him always), and die not except in a state of Islam (as Muslims) with complete submission to Allah.”
[Aal-e-Imran (3): 102]
((يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ
الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالأَرْحَامَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا))[النساء:1]،
“O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him
(Adam) He created his wife (Hawwa (Eve)), and from them both He created many men and women and
Fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs
(Kinship). Surely, Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you.”
[An-Nisaa (4): 1]
((يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا * يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا))[الأحزاب:70-71].
“O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth. He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins. And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger he has indeed achieved a great achievement.”
[Al-Ahzab (33): 70-71]
فإن أصدق الحديث كتاب الله، وخير الهدي هدي محمد صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم، وشر الأمور محدثاتها، وكل محدثة بدعة، وكل بدعة ضلالة، وكل ضلالة في النار
يقول الله سبحانه وتعالى في كتابه الكريم:
“Whatever is in the heavens and earth exalts [the praises of] Allaah; and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.”
[Al-Hadid (57): 1]
Therefore everything in the heavens and the earth glorifies the praises of Allaah. It [i.e. everything in the heavens and earth] is not Allaah.
Then Allaah Aza’wa’jal proceeds to say,
“His is the dominion of the heavens and earth. He gives life and causes death, and He is over all things powerful. He is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate; and He Knows all things”
[Al-Hadid (57): 2-3]
صلى الله عليه وسلم In Sahih Muslim it is reported that the Prophet
used to say in his supplication:
“O Allaah! The Lord of the seven heavens and the Lord of the Great Throne; our Lord and the Lord of everthing. The Splitter of the grain and seed, the One Who revealed the Torah, Injeel and Quran. I take refuge with You from every creature whose forelock You hold. You are the First, there was nothing before You; You are the Last, there is nothing after You; You are the Manifest, there is nothing above You; You are the Inward, there is nothing beyond You. Remove the burden of debt from me and relieve me from poverty.”
Then Allaah Aza’wa’jal says:
“It is He Who created the heavens & the earth in Six Days & then Rose over the Throne. He knows what penetrates into the earth & what emerges from it & what ascends from the heaven & what descends therein; & He is with you (by His Knowledge) wherever you are.”
[al-Hadid (57): 4]
Hence He mentions that the Heavens and the Earth, and in other places He adds “and everything between them” is created and praising Him. He also informs us that He knows everything.
As for His saying, “And He is with you”. Then the word ma‘a (with) does not necessitate that one of two things be mixed with the other according to the rules of the Arabic language.
This is like His, The Exalted’s saying,
“O you who believe! Fear Allaah and be with those who are true.”
[At-Tawbah (9): 119]
“Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah; those who are with him are severe against the disbelievers…”
[Al-Fath (48): 29]
“And those who believed after [the first emigration] and emigrated and fought with you – they are of you.”
[Al-Anfal (8): 75]
The word ma‘a (with) has been used in the Qur’an in a general and specific sense.
The general usage can be seen in the previously quoted verse and in the verse of Surah Mujadilah,
“Have you not considered that Allaah knows what is in the heavens and what is on the earth? There is no private conversation of three but He is the fourth; nor five but He is the sixth; and no less than that or more than that except that He is with them (with His Knowledge) wherever they are. Then He will inform them of what they did on the Day of Resurrection. Indeed Allaah knows all things.”
[Al-Mujadilah (58): 7]
The context opens by mentioning knowledge and closes by mentioning knowledge and this is why ibn Abbas, ad-Dahhak, Sufyan ath-Thawri and Ahmad bin Hanbal said, ‘He is with them with His Knowledge.’
The specific usage can be seen in His, the Exalted’s saying:
“Truly, Allah is with those who fear Him (keep their duty unto Him), and those who are Muhsinoon (good-doers)” [An-Nahl (16): 128]
And His saying to Musa,
“He (Allaah) said, ‘Fear not, Indeed I am with you both; I Hear and I See’.”
[Ta Ha (20): 46]
And He, the Exalted says,
] said to his companion [Abu Bakr], صلى الله عليه وسلم“When he [Muhammad
‘Do not despair; indeed Allaah is with us’.”
[At-Tawbah (9): 40]
and Abu Bakr (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu). صلى الله عليه وسلم Meaning the Prophet
So in this sense He is with Musa and Aaron but not Pharaoh. He is with Muhammad and his companion but not with Abu Jahl and His other enemies. He is with those who fear Allaah and those who do good but not with the wrongdoers and oppressors.
If the meaning was that he was with them in His Essence in every place (as the deviant Sufis say), the specific sense would contradict the general sense. Rather the meaning is that He is with them, in the specific sense, by way of His Aid and Support. As for the saying of the Exalted,
“It is He (Allah) Who is the only Ilah (God to be worshipped) in the heaven and the only Ilah (God to be worshipped) on the earth. And He is the All-Wise, the All-Knower.”
[Az-Zukhruf (43): 84]
Then this means that He is the deity of whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the Earth as He, the Exalted says,
“To Him belongs the highest description in the heavens and the earth. He is the All-Mighty the All-Wise.”
[Ar-Rum (30): 27]
The Salaf of this nation and their Imams are unanimously agreed that the Lord is separate from His creation, he is described with what He described Himself with and what His Messenger described Him with, without distortion or denial and without enquiring how or likening to the creation. He is described with Attributes of perfection and not with deficient attributes just as Allaah, the Exalted says,
“Say: ‘He is Allaah, the One. Allah-us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks). “He begets not, nor was He begotten. And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him’.”
[Al-Ikhlas (112): 1-4]
Ibn Abbas (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu) said,
“As-Samad means Al-Alim, whose Knowledge is perfect, Al-Azim whose wisdom is perfect and As-Sayyid whose mastery is perfect”
[Reported by as-Suyuti, ‘ad-Durr al-Manthur’ (6/415).]
Ibn Mas’ud (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu) and others said,
“He [Allaah] is the One Who about whom there is nothing pointless and meaningless. Al-Ahad meaning that there is nothing comparable to Him,”
[Refer to: ibn Kathir [4/570] et al]
Therefore the name as-Samad includes describing Him with perfect Attributes and negating any deficiency from Him. The name Al-Ahad means that there is nothing like Him.
(Taken from: “The Decisive Criterion Between: The Friends of Allaah and The Friends of Shaytan” by Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah)
[To conclude, what has been presented is clear proof that Allaah is separate and distinct from His creation and not everywhere with His Essence as those who believe in Whatatul Wajood (Unity of Existence) believe.]
سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك ، اشهد ان لا اله الا انت ، استغفرك و اتوب اليك
Glory is to You, O Allah, and praise is to You. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but You. I seek Your forgiveness and repent to You.